When North Carolina residents become involved in car crashes, they are sometimes at risks for suffering injuries to their spinal cord. The functions that are affected will vary depending on where the injury occurred. For example, sacral spinal cord injuries often have an impact on the hips, groin and perineal areas of the body.
The sacrum is made up of four vertebrae that have been fused together plus the coccyx, or tailbone. The bones are numbers S-1 to S-5. Even though they are fused, each section is responsible for controlling different areas of the body. In general, an injury to the spinal cord in the sacrum could result in a loss of function in the legs and hips. Further, those who were injured may also experience a loss of control over their bladder and bowels. Even so, they often still retain the ability to walk.
The prognosis varies from patient to patient and depends on several factors, including the seriousness and type of the injury. Further, the patient's health also has an impact on the ability to achieve independence again following recovery. Existing medical conditions and the other injuries that were caused by the accident also impact the prognosis.
Because the spinal cord is extremely important when it comes to bodily functions and mobility, spinal cord injuries that occur during an accident can alter a person's life. In many cases, spinal cord injuries are permanent and could cause people to lose their ability to walk, control their bodily functions or live independently. If the accident that produced the injury was caused by the negligence of another party, the victim might want to meet with an attorney and determine how best to seek appropriate compensation for the losses that have been sustained.