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Birth Injury Archives

What is cerebral palsy?

patricia-prudente--P2djqAwM8U-unsplash.jpgSpastic cerebral palsy is characterized as damage to the brain's motor cortex that causes increased muscle tone, stiff joints, and jerky movements. This condition prevents normal development of motor function. It is often caused by a lack of oxygen in a child's brain during birth. Excessive uterine activity, such as too strong or too frequent contractions, affects the amount of oxygen that reaches the baby's brain. If the excessive uterine activity is prolonged, the baby can develop hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), a type of brain damage that occurs when the baby's brain doesn't receive enough oxygen during birth. HIE is an often-preventable birth injury, and often stems from improper contraction monitoring and lack of intervention from nurses and doctors when the baby is in distress. It can have devastating, lifelong effects, such as spastic cerebral palsy. Spastic cerebral palsy can develop from HIE. 

Ataxic cerebral palsy, a permanent birth injury

Parents in North Carolina should be aware of a type of injury that their baby may incur during birth or some time later. It is called ataxic cerebral palsy. Cerebral palsy refers to a disorder of the cerebellum, which controls muscle movements and balance, and ataxic CP is characterized by balance issues and by a jerky or unbalanced way of walking. Children with the condition may walk with their legs spread farther apart than other children.

Lack of oxygen a top cause of birth injuries in premature babies

It is not always possible to control when a baby is born. According to the March of Dimes, nearly 10% of babies are born prematurely in North Carolina--a rate that is higher than many states'. And with how common premature babies are, it might make sense that doctors and hospitals nationwide understand how to keep both mother and child safe.

Fetal macrosomia and medical malpractice

Fetal macrosomia is the medical term for a newborn who weighs more than the average baby. A baby weighing more than 9 pounds 15 ounces may experience serious health complications. Fetal macrosomia may cause problems during a vaginal delivery, and may cause the baby to incur injuries during the birth process. Additionally, fetal macrosomia may cause a baby to experience other health issues later on.

Errors in infant resuscitation

North Carolina expectant parents may be aware that infant resuscitation is sometimes needed after birth. Placental problems, maternal infections, and sudden bleeding during pregnancy can all raise the risk of this being necessary. That risk may also increase with premature labor, an umbilical cord prolapse, an unusually large baby, or the use of forceps, vacuums, and other birth-assisting tools.

Overview of spina bifida in infants

Parents in North Carolina should know that infants can suffer from a birth defect known as spina bifida. It is the failure of the vertebrae to enclose the raw nerves of the spinal column. The condition can occur anywhere in the spine; although, it is most common in the lower back.

Genetic tests reveal cause of seizure disorder in children

Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy is a neurological disorder occurring in 1.2 out of every 1,000 live births, and it is characterized by seizures that begin around the first few months of life. Children with EIEE experience developmental delays and impaired psychomotor learning. North Carolina residents should know that recent tests have uncovered the genetic cause behind this disorder.

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